Adopt IUWM


Ichalkaranji is a satellite city to larger Kolhapur in Maharashtra. The city is known for its textile industries and has several handlooms, power looms, bleaching and dyeing industries. The city, located in the Deccan plateau region, forms a part of the Panchganga and Krishna River Basin not far from the ecologically sensitive Western Ghat region. 

Most of the larger textile industries in the city in one area and are connected to the 12 million litres per day capacity wastewater treatment plant. Yet, the city also has several scattered small scale dyeing industries. Their untreated effluent, as well as more untreated wastewater from leakages in the sewerage network and from slums flow into the city’s drainage network and enter the nallahs of the city, especially the Kala nallah, also called Black stream. The Kala nallah was once a freshwater stream with dense plantation along either side. But at present, the nallah is black due to industrial effluent and untreated domestic wastewater. Ichalkaranji’s nallahs enter the Panchganga river, which is also a source of water supply for the city. The city witnessed a hepatitis outbreak in 2012 that claimed several lives.

The pollution of the city’s water resources was also the most urgent water challenge the municipality and the local stakeholder committee identified at the beginning of the AdoptIUWM project in the city in 2013.  At first, a water quality testing workshop was conducted in Ichalkaranji in co-ordination with the local non-governmental organisation Development Alternatives for hands on experience in water quality monitoring. Representatives from the Municipal Council, NGOs and other organisations were trained to understand the significance of water quality parameters.  All relevant stakeholders discussed and mapped the urban water loop and formulated the water vision for the Ichalkaranji.

The two projects to achieve this vision were identified using the Project Prioritization tool:  one pilot aimed at closing the urban water loop at the level of a slum while the other pilot project focused on treating the wastewater from Kala nallah by constructing a river by-pass.

Integrated Urban Water Management vision of Ichalkaranji

Not even a single Ichalkaranjikar will contribute to water pollution. Land use will be integrated with infrastructure and water resources will be conserved in a cost effective and participatory manner through integrated urban water management.

AdoptIUWM Newsletter #1 for Ichalkaranji

Read up on all activities in Ichalkaranji in Year 2 of the project.


AdoptIUWM Newsletter #2 for Ichalkaranji

Look into what happened in Ichalkaranji in Year 3 of the project.

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AdoptIUWM Newsletter #3 for Ichalkaranji

Read more about the pilot projects in Ichalkaranji in Year 4 of the project.

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Pilot project 1 | Closing the urban water loop in a slum

The selected slum pocket with nearly 40 households located along the banks of Kala nallah has a water supply network, which was provided by the municipality, but the grey water from this slum continues to flow into the Kala nallah. The slum pocket also has a community toilet with a septic tank, yet its wastewater also enters the Kala nallah.

The slum community was consulted to understand the water issues they faced in their everyday life. The children living in the slum area were also sensitized on WASH using cartoons prepared by the AdoptIUWM project. This pilot included constructing a decentralized wastewater treatment plant, using its treated wastewater for flushing the toilets and starting roof top rain water harvesting by connecting the tin roofs together to collect the water and recharge the local borewell.  Local youth was trained in the operation and maintenance of the plant. The Municipal Council has additionally floated tenders to beautify the slum and the area around the decentralized wastewater treatment plant.

Pilot project 2 | Studying the potential of natural wastewater treatment in the Kala Nallah

In the second pilot project, the city of Ichalkaranji wanted to with the support of the AdoptIUWM project install an eco-technological treatment system in the form of a green bridge or river by-pass through an artificial trench in the Kala nallah to treat 0.5 million litres per day of wastewater. A feasibility study has been done and handed over to the municipality. It hopes to construct this artificial stream near the Disha English medium school. There two green bridges with a pond are to be installed. The municipality can reuse the treated water for agriculture or other non-consumptive purposes subjected to proper maintainance and monitoring activities.